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Basic about High Blood Pressure

1.There are eight main ways you can control your blood pressure.
a. Eat a better diet, which may include reducing salt
b. Enjoy regular physical activity
c. Maintain a healthy weight
d. Manage stress
e. Avoid tobacco smoke
f. Comply with medication prescriptions
g. If you drink, limit alcohol
Once above becomes routine, maintaining a lower blood pressure is easier.

Attention: Remind yourself that by managing your blood pressure, you are lowering your risk of heart attack, heart failure, stroke, peripheral artery disease and kidney disease.Death rates from these diseases have decreased significantly, thanks in part to earlier detection and better treatment of HBP.


2.How to measure blood pressure properly?
I.What to do in order to measure the blood pressure properly.
a. Measurement of blood pressure must be carried out in a position of absolute peace. Even climbing stairs increases relatively blood pressure. So wait at least 10-15 minutes to stabilize its values. Relax with your eyes closed, inhale and exhale deeply.
b. Measure blood pressure at least twice a day, in the morning after getting out of bed and in the evening. It is important to follow approximately the same time.
c. Blood pressure is measured best seated while sitting near the kitchen table with normal height (coffee table are not suitable). Place your hand on the table so that the wrist is at heart level.
d. To obtain more accurate values, remove the watch and other jewelry, and tight-fitting clothes to the arm. Wrap the cuff of the blood pressure device on a bare hand.
e. When measuring blood pressure, arm should be completely motionless. Do not talk.
f. It is recommended bladder to be emptied before measuring blood pressure.
g. Between some consecutive measurements of blood pressure, leave an interval of 3-4 minutes.
II.What not to do before measuring blood pressurea.Blood pressure rises sharply after any physical exercise.
b. Smoking affects blood pressure values. A cigarette increases the upper limit by 5-6 mm Hg in 15 minutes.
c. Coffee and spirits also affect blood pressure.
d. After taking plenty of food, the blood is concentrated in the stomach to help the digestive process. Therefore, as most commonly observed with old people, there is decreased blood pressure.


Basic about Diabetes


1.People have diabetes might have SOME or NONE of the following symptoms:
a. Frequent urination
b. Excessive thirst
c. Unexplained weight loss
d. Extreme hunger
e. Sudden vision changes
f. Tingling or numbness in hands or feet
g. Feeling very tired much of the time
h. Very dry skin
i. Sores that are slow to heal
j. More infections than usual.
k. Nausea, vomiting, or stomach pains may accompany some of these symptoms in the abrupt onset of insulin-dependent diabetes, now called type 1 diabetes.


2.Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include
a. Older age,
b. Obesity,
c. Family history of diabetes,
d. Prior history of gestational diabetes,
e. Impaired glucose tolerance,
f. Physical inactivity,
g. Race/ethnicity such as African Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, American Indians, and some Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders are at particularly high risk for type 2 diabetes.
h. Other specific types of diabetes, which may account for 1% to 5% of all diagnosed cases, result from specific genetic syndromes, surgery, drugs, malnutrition, infections, and other illnesses.


3.There are several main ways to control the blood glucose.
a. Healthy eating, physical activity, and insulin injections are the basic therapies for type 1 diabetes.
b. The amount of insulin taken must be balanced with food intake and daily activities.
c. Blood glucose levels must be closely monitored through frequent blood glucose testing.
d. Healthy eating, physical activity, and blood glucose testing are the basic therapies for type 2 diabetes.
e. In addition, many people with type 2 diabetes require oral medication, insulin, or both to control their blood glucose levels.

Attention: People with diabetes must take responsibility for their day-to-day care, and keep blood glucose levels from going too low or too high.

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Nurse Taking Blood Pressure Of A Patient